The Effect of Pandemic Movement Restriction Policies on Children’s Fitness, Activity, Screen Time, and Sleep

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Public health front. December 6, 2021; 9: 785679. doi: 10.3389 / fpubh.2021.785679. Electronic collection 2021.

ABSTRACT

Fund: The negative impact of isolation, containment and physical (in) activity due to the restriction of pandemic movement has been well documented over the past year, but less is known about the impact of these. children’s fitness policies. This study was designed to determine the effects of pandemic movement restriction policies on the 24-hour movement behavior (24-HMB) of children, and whether any changes result in deterioration in fitness outcomes. determined by direct testing. Methods : A two-phase repeated measures study with matched controls was conducted. First phase: NOT = 62 schoolchildren (NOT = 31 women) completed self-report questionnaires on 24-HMB in October 2018 (before the pandemic) and again in April 2020, at the height of movement restrictions enacted in response to the first wave of the pandemic of COVID-19. Phase two: physical form of the original NOT = 62 children were determined directly before and after isolation using a battery of standardized eight-component fitness tests and compared to NOT = 62 control children who were matched for age, sex, school region and percentile fitness scores. Results: During the lockdown (total duration: 63 days), moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) decreased by approximately 46 minutes per day, time spent in front of a screen demonstrated a significant interaction effect, so that children reported spending less recreational screen time on weekends during lockdown compared to no restrictions, and sleep duration was consistently shorter (95% CI: -104.1 to -45.5 min, p p ≥ 0.05) although significant main effects were noted for both sexes. Conclusion: Initial changes to 24-HMB did not result in reduced fitness in itself, probably because of the good initial physical condition of the children. More work is needed to confirm whether longer or repeated movement restrictions exacerbate the initial negative tendencies of 24-HMB, especially for children who are less fit when the restrictions are initiated, prolonged, or repeated.

PMID: 34938712 | PMC: PMC8685208 | DOI: 10.3389 / fpubh.2021.785679


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