Profile of well-being, physical form and health of boys aged 10-12 in relation to the club’s leisure sports activities: a cross-sectional study

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BMJ Open. November 30, 2021; 11 (11): e050194. doi: 10.1136 / bmjopen-2021-050194.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study examined the correlation between sports club activities and parameters of well-being and physical health in boys aged 10 to 12 years.

DESIGN: Cross section.

SETTING: Danish schools.

PARTICIPANTS: 2,293 boys participated in the study.

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Questionnaire on participation in sports clubs and well-being and testing of physical health profile by measuring body composition, resting heart rate (RHR), blood pressure and postural balance, jumping and Yo-Yo IR1C performance. Data were analyzed by sport participation and by the five most frequently reported sports.

RESULTS: Boys enrolled in sports clubs had higher physical well-being (51.7 ± 9.7 vs 45.9 ± 8.7) and psychological well-being (53.3 ± 9.6 vs 51 , 4 ± 10.0), had more peers and social support (50.9 ± 9.9 vs 48.0 ± 11.6), and had a more positive perception of the school environment (48.6 ± 7, 5 vs 45.9 ± 8.1) than boys not involved in sports clubs. In addition, they showed better Yo-Yo IR1C (+ 46%), long jump (9%) and balance test (+ 20%) performance. Boys active in sports clubs had higher relative muscle mass (+ 6%) and lower fat percentage (-3%), body mass index (- 6%) and RHR (- 5%) compared to boys not involved in sports clubs (p

CONCLUSION: Boys participating in club sports showed significantly higher levels of well-being and better physical health profiles than boys not participating in sports club activities. Footballers had better aerobic fitness and body composition than those who played other sports. The results suggest that sports club activities appear to be beneficial for the well-being, fitness, and physical health profile of young boys, with the greatest benefits being achieved by boys involved in football.

PMID: 34848512 | DOI: 10.1136 / bmjopen-2021-050194


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