Home-school health-related fitness and activity: a systematic review with implications for back to public school

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J Sch Health. Sep 8, 2021. doi: 10.1111 / josh.13080. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to summarize what is known about health-related physical fitness (cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength and endurance, flexibility and body composition) and physical activity in school-educated youth. the House. The results of this study have implications for all young Americans as they return to public school after compulsory homeschooling during the COVID-19 pandemic.

METHODS: Database engines identified over 22,000 articles with 82 abstracts selected for further review. Of these, 18 full-text articles were further reviewed with 10 cross-sectional articles included in the final review. Articles were condensed into a standard review template and results were summarized by topic.

RESULTS: Cardiovascular endurance results were inconsistent. Abdominal muscle strength and endurance, but not upper body, were significantly lower among homeschoolers. There has been no report on flexibility. Body composition was generally healthy in homeschooling students and no difference in physical activity was observed.

CONCLUSIONS: Research on health-related fitness among homeschooled youth is limited and descriptive. Additional testing and potential corrective measures may be needed for cardiovascular endurance, muscle strength and endurance, and flexibility in homeschooling youth and their public school counterparts upon their return to campus. However, the existing literature supports healthy body composition and physical activity in this population.

PMID: 34496456 | DOI: 10.1111 / josh.13080


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