Aging is inevitable, but it can be made easy and healthy with exercise. Exercise has many health benefits and reduces the manifestations of aging, especially the “aging phenotype” of older people. A recent systematic review concluded that regular exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in healthy subjects aged 60 and older. According to the study, it improves muscle performance by increasing the ratio of type I to type II muscle fibers and increasing the cross section of type II muscle fibers.
In addition, exercises and workouts also have a positive impact at the molecular, cellular and tissue levels. Aging leads to a decrease in cell proliferative potential and reduces the number of stem/progenitor cells in tendons. Exercise can induce an increase in tendon collagen synthesis, thereby enhancing tendon strength. Moderate exercise may also improve the quality of tissue produced when injured tendons heal. Exercise and fitness activities also play a positive role in maintaining healthy cartilage and bones.
A task force of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) has recommended higher protein intake in combination with exercise in postmenopausal women who are at risk of developing a musculoskeletal disease associated with menopause, such as osteoporosis (OP). Exercise programs improve strength and balance in aging women with OP. Additionally, the risk of fragility fracture associated with OP may also be reduced by exercise, as it increases bone density and reduces inflammatory symptoms. So, having an active lifestyle from an early age and following exercise recommendations can be beneficial for women.
Published in the Public Interest by Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories LTD
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